Multisig Wallet

The source code is found on GitHub at https://github.com/icon-project/multisig-wallet

This document describes the inner workings of a Multi Signature Wallet SCORE and provides guidelines and APIs about how to use this service.

Intended Audience

  • Users who want to use and manage multi-signature wallet service

  • Developers who want to know the basic logic of multi-signature wallet and extend for their own needs

Purpose

This page covers several things about the multi-signature wallet. Below is available to learn from this tutorial.

  • Basic understanding of multi-signature wallet

  • how to use a multi-signature wallet

Prerequisite

Below is the list of links that helps you understand multi-signature wallet and proceed with the tutorial.

What is a Multi-Signature Wallet

A Multi Signature Wallet is a SCORE that enables more than one user to manage their ICON funds safely. Such wallet can prevent one person from running off with the stored ICX or tokens and reduce the risk in case of one person is incapacitated or loses their keys. We adopted the multi-signature wallet mechanism inspired by gnosis.

Definition

Wallet

SCORE in which ICX and tokens are stored in. Stored ICX and tokens can be used (transferred) only when the wallet conditions declared internally are satisfied.

Wallet owner

Addresses who have participation rights of the Wallet SCORE.

Transaction

Initiated by a wallet owner, a transaction changes the wallet state (e.g. transfer tokens or ICX stored in the wallet, add a new wallet owner, change requirement of confirmations (2 to 3 -> 3 to 3), etc).

Requirement

The number of approvals from the wallet owners required for the transaction to be executed.

How To Use

The first step is to deploy a multi-signature wallet SCORE. At the time of deployment, you can set wallet owners and a requirement value. For example, if you want to use a wallet which sets three wallet owners and needs two confirmations for executing a transaction (2 to 3), you have to input two parameters: 1) fill the _walletOwners field with three wallet addresses in a comma-separated string, 2) fill the _required field with '2' when deploying the wallet.

{
"_walletOwners": "hx7f39710d3718e7d1f307d7c71755fbbe76be3c71,hx07a2731037cfe59dbf76579d8ba1fbfc02616135,hxed36008ce6be8c8deb9acdfc05d1a06f5576a2db",
"_required": "2"
}

After deploying the wallet, wallet owners can deposit ICX and tokens to this wallet as usual and manage it.

If you want to use funds (e.g. send ICX or token) or change the internally set conditions (e.g. add owner, remove owner, change requirement), use the submitTransaction method. For example, if you want to send 10 ICX to a specific address, call submitTransaction with below parameters.

{
"_destination": "hx7f39710d3718e7d1f307d7c71755fbbe76be3c71",
"_description": "send 10 icx to owner1",
"_value": "0x8ac7230489e80000"
}

After the transaction is registered, other wallet owners can confirm this transaction using the confirmTransaction method, and only if the number of confirmations meets the 'requirement' value then this transaction is executed. All transactions' information are saved in the wallet eternally.

Specification

Methods (Read-only)

Below is the list of read-only methods. By calling these methods, you can get information from the wallet.

getRequirement

Returns the requirement value.

@external(readonly=True)
def getRequirement(self) -> int:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getRequirement",
"params": {}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x2",
"id": 1
}

getTransactionInfo

Returns the transaction data for each ID.

@external(readonly=True)
def getTransactionInfo(self, _transactionId: int) -> dict:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getTransactionInfo",
"params": {
"_transactionId": "0x00"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"_executed": "0x1",
"_destination": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"_value": "0x0",
"_method": "addWalletOwner",
"_params": "[{\"name\":\"_walletOwner\",\"type\":\"Address\",\"value\":\"hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892\"}]",
"_description": "add owner4 in wallet",
"_transaction_id": "0x0"
},
"id": 1
}

getTransactionsExecuted

Returns a boolean which shows whether the transaction is executed or not.

@external(readonly=True)
def getTransactionsExecuted(self, _transactionId: int) -> bool:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getTransactionsExecuted",
"params": {
"_transactionId": "0x00"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x1",
"id": 1
}

checkIfWalletOwner

Returns a boolean which shows whether a given address is a wallet owner or not.

@external(readonly=True)
def checkIfWalletOwner(self, _walletOwner: Address) -> bool:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "checkIfWalletOwner",
"params": {
"_walletOwner": "hx07a2731037cfe59dbf76579d8ba1fbfc02616135"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x0",
"id": 1
}

getWalletOwnerCount

Returns the total number of wallet owners.

@external(readonly=True)
def getWalletOwnerCount(self) -> int:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getWalletOwnerCount",
"params": {}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x3",
"id": 1
}

getWalletOwners

Returns a list of wallet owners.

@external(readonly=True)
def getWalletOwners(self, _offset: int, _count: int) -> list:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getWalletOwners",
"params": {
"_offset": "0x00",
"_count": "0x0A"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": [
"hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"hxd980b07d43d1df399392f8871d6ec7c975f3e832",
"hx4873b94352c8c1f3b2f09aaeccea31ce9e90bd31",
"hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892"
],
"id": 1
}

getConfirmationCount

Returns a transaction confirmation count given a transaction ID.

@external(readonly=True)
def getConfirmationCount(self, _transactionId: int) -> int:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getConfirmationCount",
"params": {
"_transactionId": "0x00"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x2",
"id": 1
}

getConfirmations

Returns a list of wallet owners who have been confirmed by a given transaction.

@external(readonly=True)
def getConfirmations(self, _offset: int, _count: int, _transactionId: int) -> list:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getConfirmations",
"params": {
"_offset": "0x00",
"_count": "0x0A",
"_transactionId": "0x00"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": [
"hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"hxd980b07d43d1df399392f8871d6ec7c975f3e832"
],
"id": 1
}

getTransactionCount

Returns the total number of transactions which is submitted in the wallet.

@external(readonly=True)
def getTransactionCount(self, _pending: bool=True, _executed: bool=True) -> int:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getTransactionCount",
"params": {
"_pending": "0x00",
"_executed": "0x01"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": "0x1",
"id": 1
}

getTransactionList

Returns a list of transactions.

@external(readonly=True)
def getTransactionList(self, _offset: int, _count: int, _pending: bool=True, _executed: bool=True) -> list:

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_call",
"id": 1,
"params": {
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "getTransactionList",
"params": {
"_offset": "0x00",
"_count": "0x0A",
"_pending": "0x01",
"_executed": "0x01"
}
}
}
}

Call result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": [
{
"_executed": "0x1",
"_destination": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"_value": "0x0",
"_method": "addWalletOwner",
"_params": "[{\"name\":\"_walletOwner\",\"type\":\"Address\",\"value\":\"hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892\"}]",
"_description": "add owner4 in wallet",
"_transaction_id": "0x0"
},
{
"_executed": "0x0",
"_destination": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"_value": "0x0",
"_method": "addWalletOwner",
"_params": "[{\"name\":\"_walletOwner\",\"type\":\"Address\",\"value\":\"hxbedeeadea922dc7f196e22eaa763fb01aab0b64c\"}]",
"_description": "add owner5 in wallet",
"_transaction_id": "0x1"
}
],
"id": 1
}

Methods

Below is a list of the methods that the wallet owners can call.

submitTransaction

Submits a transaction which is to be executed when the number of confirmations meets the 'requirement' value. Only wallet owners can call this method. The wallet owner who has called this method is confirmed as soon as the transaction is submitted successfully.

@external
def submitTransaction(self, _destination: Address, _method: str="", _params: str="", _value: int=0, _description: str=""):

_destination is the SCORE address where _method is defined.

_description is a supplementary explanation of the transaction. (optional parameter)

_value is amount of ICX coin in loop (1 ICX == 1 ^ 18 loop). This parameter is used when transferring ICX coin or calling 'payable' method. (optional parameter)

_method is the name of the method that is to be executed when the number of confirmations meets the 'requirement' value. In the case of transferring ICX coin, do not have to specify this parameter. (optional parameter)

_params is a stringified JSON data. This data is used as the arguments of the _method when it is executed. Below is the format. name is parameter's name, type is parameter's type (supported types are int, str, bool, Address and bytes), value is the actual data. In the case of transferring ICX coin, do not have to specify this parameter. (optional parameter)

parameter_list_in_json_format

Below is an example of a addWalletOwner method call. After writing the request in the JSON format, you have to stringify it.

[
{"name": "_walletOwner", "type": "Address", "value": "hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892"},
]

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"version": "0x3",
"from": "hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"value": "0x0",
"stepLimit": "0x3000000",
"nid": "0x3",
"nonce": "0x1",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "submitTransaction",
"params": {
"_destination": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"_method": "addWalletOwner",
"_params": "[{\"name\":\"_walletOwner\",\"type\":\"Address\",\"value\":\"hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892\"}]",
"_description": "add owner4 in wallet"
}
}
},
"id": 1
}

Sendtx result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"txHash": "0xca72bef2d0f3e77a6621dc20bf9f47d34e87f30b4f4717be9edfa2e2f15d24fa",
"blockHeight": "0x4",
"blockHash": "0xfc3ec6b4777b108f2c7fad4ee703a7f712d68b654a9ccb042ffc8614795f09a8",
"txIndex": "0x0",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"stepUsed": "0x10bad0",
"stepPrice": "0x0",
"cumulativeStepUsed": "0x10bad0",
"eventLogs": [
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"Submission(int)",
"0x0"
],
"data": []
},
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"Confirmation(Address,int)",
"hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"0x0"
],
"data": []
}
],
"logsBloom": "0x000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000060000000000011000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000a0000000000800000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002800000000004000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000100000000003200000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"status": "0x1"
},
"id": 1
}

confirmTransaction

Confirms a transaction corresponding to the _transactionId. As soon as a transaction confirmation count meets the 'requirement' value (should not exceed), the transaction is executed. Only wallet owners can call this method.

@external
def confirmTransaction(self, _transactionId: int):

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"version": "0x3",
"from": "hxd980b07d43d1df399392f8871d6ec7c975f3e832",
"value": "0x0",
"stepLimit": "0x30000000",
"nid": "0x3",
"nonce": "0x1",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "confirmTransaction",
"params": {
"_transactionId": "0x00"
}
}
},
"id": 1
}

Sendtx result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"txHash": "0x07f407914ae8a37183d588d75e9a9cfead3ce2ebc29af4c809e0cff493e7baaa",
"blockHeight": "0x5",
"blockHash": "0x4d28315fd2de5095ef6a8da3f39644be126ae29fef7ee89be52837acf50c4be6",
"txIndex": "0x0",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"stepUsed": "0x1026c4",
"stepPrice": "0x0",
"cumulativeStepUsed": "0x1026c4",
"eventLogs": [
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"Confirmation(Address,int)",
"hxd980b07d43d1df399392f8871d6ec7c975f3e832",
"0x0"
],
"data": []
},
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"WalletOwnerAddition(Address)",
"hx1262526a4da004550021b5f9d249b9c7d98b5892"
],
"data": []
},
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"Execution(int)",
"0x0"
],
"data": []
}
],
"logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001800000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003000000000011000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000080000000000820000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002000000000221000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002800000000004000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000100000000002000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000040000000000020000000000000",
"status": "0x1"
},
"id": 1
}

revokeTransaction

Revokes confirmation of a transaction corresponding to the _transactionId. Only already confirmed wallet owners can revoke their own confirmation of a transaction. Wallet owners can't revoke others' confirmation. This method is only valid for pending transactions.

@external
def revokeTransaction(self, _transactionId: int):

Example

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "icx_sendTransaction",
"params": {
"version": "0x3",
"from": "hxef73db5d0ad02eb1fadb37d0041be96bfa56d4e6",
"value": "0x0",
"stepLimit": "0x3000000",
"timestamp": "0x573117f1d6568",
"nid": "0x3",
"nonce": "0x1",
"to": "cx4d5a79f329adcf00a3daa99539f0eeea2d43d239",
"dataType": "call",
"data": {
"method": "revokeTransaction",
"params": {
"_transactionId": "0x01"
}
}
},
"id": 1
}

Sendtx result

{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result": {
"txHash": "0x70a5c03cd41d205b5b93abf57e53160d3f58679b1f3c254a10db9d220ecfac21",
"blockHeight": "0x7",
"blockHash": "0x92558d91cc52f0ff75686d8b5691bf5cdcbd586eff625b9c93750b510d324887",
"txIndex": "0x0",
"to": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"stepUsed": "0xf9c4a",
"stepPrice": "0x0",
"cumulativeStepUsed": "0xf9c4a",
"eventLogs": [
{
"scoreAddress": "cx30d7fcf580135d9f9eb491292555a5b29d9314cb",
"indexed": [
"Revocation(Address,int)",
"hx5dd0b2a161bc16194d38b050744c7cd623626661",
"0x1"
],
"data": []
}
],
"logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000004000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000400000000000040000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000020000000001300000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001000000000000",
"status": "0x1"
},
"id": 1
}

Methods (only callable by wallet)

These methods only can be called by the multisig wallet SCORE itself. In short, you can not call those methods directly (or it will fail). If you want to execute these methods, call submitTransaction with the method's information as a parameter.

addWalletOwner

Adds a new wallet owner.

@external
def addWalletOwner(self, _walletOwner: Address):

replaceWalletOwner

Replaces an existing wallet owner by a new wallet owner.

@external
def replaceWalletOwner(self, _walletOwner: Address, _newWalletOwner: Address):

removeWalletOwner

Removes an existing wallet owner.

@external
def removeWalletOwner(self, _walletOwner: Address):

changeRequirement

Changes the requirement value. _required can't exceed the number of wallet owners.

@external
def changeRequirement(self, _required: int):

Eventlogs

Confirmation

Must trigger on any successful confirmation.

@eventlog(indexed=2)
def Confirmation(self, _sender: Address, _transactionId: int):
pass

Revocation

Must trigger on any revoked confirmation.

@eventlog(indexed=2)
def Revocation(self, _sender: Address, _transactionId: int):
pass

Submission

Must trigger on any submitted transaction.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def Submission(self, _transactionId: int):
pass

Execution

Must trigger on the transaction being executed successfully.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def Execution(self, _transactionId: int):
pass

ExecutionFailure

Must trigger on failure during the transaction execution.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def ExecutionFailure(self, _transactionId: int):
pass

Deposit

Must trigger on ICX deposit event to a MultiSig Wallet SCORE.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def Deposit(self, _sender: Address, _value: int):
pass

DepositToken

Must trigger on a token deposit event to a MultiSig Wallet SCORE.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def DepositToken(self, _sender: Address, _value: int, _data: bytes):
pass

WalletOwnerAddition

Must trigger on adding a new wallet owner.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def WalletOwnerAddition(self, _walletOwner: Address):
pass

WalletOwnerRemoval

Must trigger on removing a wallet owner.

@eventlog(indexed=1)
def WalletOwnerRemoval(self, _walletOwner: Address):
pass

Requirement

Must trigger on changing the requirement value.

@eventlog
def RequirementChange(self, _required: int):
pass

Summary

So far, we have learned the basic understanding of multi signature wallet and how to use it. Multi signature wallet can be used in various ways such as exchange, managing business funds and managing simple membership fee among users. You can use it according to your use.

References